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标志性工程之二

清洁能源岛和清洁能源汽车
Signature Project No.2: Clean Energy Island and Clean Energy Vehicles

“十三五”时期,昌江核电一期、文昌气电、琼中抽水蓄能电站、海南联网二回工程等一批重大能源项目先后投产,海南岛能源结构进一步优化,电网建设实现了“脱胎换骨”,彻底根治了困扰海南多年的电源性缺电问题。2020年,海南能源消费总量2271万吨标煤,其中,清洁能源消费占比约37%,较2015年提升11个百分点。清洁能源装机约662万千瓦,占全省装机的67%,较2015年提升约23个百分点。清洁能源发电量达165亿千瓦时,占比52.9%,超过统调发电量的半壁江山。

根据中央“碳达峰碳中和”战略部署和省委省政府关于清洁能源岛建设有关要求,至2025年,海南能源结构将明显改善,清洁能源装机占比提升至80%以上;至2035年,海南清洁低碳、安全高效的能源体系更加成熟,海南清洁能源岛基本建成。

2019年海南省在全国率先提出2030年禁售燃油汽车。截至2020年底,全省电动汽车保有量超6.4万辆,占比4.3%,高出全国平均水平约2.4个百分点。全省累计建设充电站916个,建设充电桩(枪)总数26402个,总体车桩比为2.4:1,优于全国平均水平。

During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, a number of key energy projects have gone into operation, including Changjiang Nuclear Power Station Phase I, Wenchang Gas-fired Power Plant, Qiongzhong Pumped Storage Power Plant and Interconnection Project II between China Southern Main Grid and Hainan Power Grid. These projects have further optimized the energy mix,“revamped” the grid, and addressed the long-standing issue of insufficient power supply on the island. In 2020, Hainan’s energy consumption totaled 22.71 million tons of coal equivalent, among which clean energy accounted for around 37%, up by 11 percentage points over 2015. Installed capacity of clean energy reached about 6.62 million kilowatts, or 67% of the provincial total, up by 23 percentage points over 2015. Power generation by clean energy hit 16.5 billion kwh, or 52.9%, accounting for over half of the total power under unified scheduling.

Following the central government’s strategy of “emission peak and carbon neutrality” and the provincial government’s plan of building a clean energy island, Hainan will significantly improve its energy mix by 2025, with installed capacity of clean energy accounting for over 80% of the total; by 2035, a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system will be better established and Hainan Clean Energy Island will basically take shape.

In 2019, Hainan was the first province in China to announce the plan of banning the sale of petrol-fueled cars by 2030. As of the end of 2020, there were over 64,000 electric vehicles (EVs) across the province, or 4.3% of the total car ownership, some 2.4 percentage points higher than the national average. A total of 916 charging stations have been built, with 26,402 charging poles/chargers in place. The EV to charger ratio of 2.4:1 stood above the national average at.