欢迎来到海南展馆 Welcome to the Hainan Pavilion

栗喉蜂虎

保护成效
Protection of Blue-tailed Bee-eaters

栗喉蜂虎,国家二级重点保护野生动物,属于佛法僧目蜂虎科动物,身长约26厘米,因为喜欢捕食蜜蜂等昆虫,且飞行捕食技巧高超,非常凶猛,所以被称为蜂虎。栗喉蜂虎的色彩非常艳丽,被称为“彩虹般的小鸟”。它的眼睛为红色,有一条明显的黑色过眼纹,喉部栗色,背部羽毛从绿色过渡为蓝色,有2条突出的中央尾羽,尾羽为蓝色。它的翅膀狭长,飞行时非常灵巧,常滑翔。并且视力非常好,擅于在空中捕食飞行的蜻蜓、蝴蝶、蜜蜂、蝉等昆虫。

近年来,海口市持续深入推进海口国际湿地城市建设大力提升城市的美誉度和增强群众的幸福感和获得感,全力打造人与自然和谐发展的国际湿地城市。

2017年随着海口五源河等湿地公园的建设,公园及周边生态环境得到改善,引来众多的生物物种,特别是湿地养育的大量蜻蜓能为栗喉蜂虎育雏提供充足的食物,十分适合栗喉蜂虎繁殖。为了保护好该繁殖地,2019年海口市人民政府批复设立海口五源河下游蜂虎保护小区,并建设更多适合栗喉蜂虎筑巢的沙质崖壁、大型的沙堆等,共同为栗喉蜂虎鸟营造适宜的栖息环境。每年组织开展以栗喉蜂虎保护为主题的科普宣传活动,举办蜂虎摄影大赛,引导广大市民共同参与保护栗喉蜂虎。每年4月到8月都有许多栗喉蜂虎来保护小区繁殖,目前保护小区内的栗喉蜂虎数量已从2018年发现时的26只增加至72只。

The Blue-tailed bee-eater (Merops philippinus) is a level-two protected wild animal in China. It belongs to the family of Méropidés and the order of Coraciiformes, and can reach a body length of 26 cm. It gets its Chinese name, “bee tiger”, because it is an agile and seasoned predator whose main diet includes insects such as bees. It boasts rainbow-like colorful feathers, red eyes with a distinctive black stripe, chestnut-colored throat, green wings and back, and a blue tail with two elongated central trail feathers. Its long, narrow wings allow it to fly dexterously, often gliding elegantly. Its good eyesight enables it to catch flying dragonflies, butterflies, bees, cicadas and other insects in the air.

In recent years, Haikou has kept promoting the construction of Haikou International Wetland City, which has enhanced the reputation of the city and people's well-being and happiness. The aim is to build an international wetland city where man and nature develop in harmony.

Since the construction of wetland parks such as the Wuyuan River in 2017, the ecological environment in and around the park has been improved, attracting many biological species, especially the Blue-tailed bee-eater, which can prey on the large number of dragonflies inhabiting in the wetland to feed their baby birds. To protect the breeding site, Haikou municipal government approved the establishment of the Blue-tailed bee-eater conservation area in the lower reaches of Wuyuan River, and the construction of more sandy cliffs and large sand piles suitable for the nesting of the bird. Every year, science education and popularization programs and photography contests are organized to promote the protection of Blue-tailed bee-eaters among the general public. Large flocks come to breed in the conservation area from April to August every year, and the population in the conservation area has increased to 72 from 26 when they were first found in 2018.