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海南省红树林

保护成果
Protection of Hainan’s Mangroves

红树林是生长在热带、亚热带地区海岸潮间带上的木本植物群落,是非常重要的“全能型”湿地生态系统,也是生产力最高的“四大海洋生态系统”之一,被誉为“海岸卫士”。海南红树林属于东方红树林群落,质量相对高,群落保存较为完整,具有典型的热带性、古老性、多样性和珍稀性。全省现有红树林湿地面积8.59万亩,是全国唯一37个红树林物种都有分布的省份。

海南省高度重视红树林保护修复工作。将自然保护区和湿地公园建设作为重要抓手,将重要红树林湿地资源纳入保护范围,并统筹开展红树林湿地保护与修复工作。2016年至今年共完成湿地修复总计4.5万亩,其中新造红树林1.2万亩。同时,组织开展了多种形式的科研活动,取得了一批重要成果。组织开展形式多样的宣传教育。积极开展国际交流与合作。2013-2018年,实施联合国开发计划署(UNDP)——全球环境基金(GEF)海南湿地保护体系项目,在弘扬湿地生态文明理念、加强湿地保护能力建设等方面得到了国家、省有关部门和专家的肯定。2018年10月海口荣获全球首批“国际湿地城市”称号。

Mangroves are a woody plant community that grow in the intertidal zones of tropical and subtropical areas. Known as coastal guardians, it is a critical all-purpose wetland ecosystem and one of the four most productive marine ecosystems. Hainan’s mangroves belong to the eastern mangrove biome. It features tropicality, antiquity, diversity and rarity, with relatively high quality and sound conservation. The province has 85,900 mu of mangrove wetlands, and is the only province hosting all 37 mangrove species in China.

Hainan province attaches great importance to the protection and restoration of mangroves. With a priority focus on nature reserves and wetland parks, it has included important mangrove wetland resources into the scope of protection and carried out mangrove wetland protection and restoration in a wholistic manner. Since 2016, 45,000 mu of wetland has been restored, including 12,000 mu of newly planted mangroves. Hainan has also organized various forms of scientific research activities that produced important findings. It has conducted all sorts of publicity and education campaigns and actively engaged in international exchanges and cooperation. The UNDP-GEF Hainan wetland protection project, running from 2013 to 2018, played an important role in raising awareness of wetland preservation and wetland protection capacity building. It has won recognition from national and provincial authorities and experts. In October, 2018, Haikou was honored as one of the first group of International Wetland Cities in the world.