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海南长臂猿

保护成果
Protection of Hainan Gibbon

海南长臂猿(Nomascus  hainanus)是海南热带雨林生态系统的指示物种,国家一级保护动物,2002年被列入全球最濒危的25种灵长类动物之首。

上世纪60年代前,海南长臂猿种群数量曾达2000只左右,因原始雨林丧失、栖息地破坏、猎杀等原因,70年代末仅存7-9只在霸王岭林区。在有关专家及社会各界呼吁下,原广东省成立专门保护区。1994年起,海南省通过建立国家级自然保护区、出台禁伐禁猎相关法规和文件等措施,加强对海南长臂猿保护。

目前,海南长臂猿数量达到了5群35只,栖息地面积增加、质量得到改善。据国际专家评估,全球20种长臂猿种群数量都呈下降趋势,仅海南长臂猿保持缓慢稳定增长,是基于自然恢复(Nbs)和全球10只以下濒危动物种群恢复的典型。得到联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)、世界自然保护联盟(IUCN)、伦敦动物学会(ZSL)等权威国际组织和研究机构的高度关注和充分肯定。但是,海南长臂猿极度濒危状态还未脱离,还需我们共同努力来保护这热带雨林中的精灵。

As an indicator species of Hainan’s tropical rainforest ecosystem, Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is a level-one protected animal in China and was listed on top of the world’s most endangered primate species in 2002.

Before the 1960s, Hainan gibbon population had reached about 2,000. Due to the loss of primary rainforest, habitat destruction, and hunting, only 7 to 9 gibbons were living in the Bawangling forest area by the late 1970s. In response to the call of experts and the public, the former Guangdong Province established a special protection area. Since 1994, Hainan Province has strengthened the protection of Hainan gibbons by establishing national nature reserves and publishing laws and regulations to ban logging and hunting.

At present, the population of Hainan gibbons has increased to 35 in 5 groups. The area and quality of their habitats have improved. According to assessment by international experts, while the population of 20 gibbon species in the world are declining, only Hainan gibbons have maintained a slow and steady growth, serving as a good example of Nature-based Solutions (Nbs) and recovery of endangered animals with less than 10 individuals. Such progress has received close attention and full recognition from authoritative international organizations and research institutions such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Zoological Society of London. However, Hainan gibbon remains a critically endangered species, and requires continued protection in the future.