欢迎来到海南展馆 Welcome to the Hainan Pavilion
As an indicator species of Hainan’s tropical rainforest ecosystem, Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is a level-one protected animal in China and was listed on top of the world’s most endangered primate species in 2002.
Before the 1960s, Hainan gibbon population had reached about 2,000. Due to the loss of primary rainforest, habitat destruction, and hunting, only 7 to 9 gibbons were living in the Bawangling forest area by the late 1970s. In response to the call of experts and the public, the former Guangdong Province established a special protection area. Since 1994, Hainan Province has strengthened the protection of Hainan gibbons by establishing national nature reserves and publishing laws and regulations to ban logging and hunting.
At present, the population of Hainan gibbons has increased to 35 in 5 groups. The area and quality of their habitats have improved. According to assessment by international experts, while the population of 20 gibbon species in the world are declining, only Hainan gibbons have maintained a slow and steady growth, serving as a good example of Nature-based Solutions (Nbs) and recovery of endangered animals with less than 10 individuals. Such progress has received close attention and full recognition from authoritative international organizations and research institutions such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Zoological Society of London. However, Hainan gibbon remains a critically endangered species, and requires continued protection in the future.